The importance of keeping current

Q: I have a Glasair with a Lycoming IO-360-B1E engine. After reading your article in the May 11 issue, I tried to get a copy of Lycoming’s SI1325A to see if I should change the timing from 25 to 20 degrees BTDC, but was not able to find that instruction. Can you help?

RON WALTERS, via email

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Ask Paul: Too much information about our engines?

Q: I have a factory reman Lycoming O-540 E4B5 with 300 hours and 2.5 years on it. At idle (1,000 rpm), my JPI is showing alarms on the #1 EGT for having a large differential — #1 EGT is only 600° while the rest are 1,200-1,300°. Above 1,500 rpm and higher everything seems fine with normal readings and maybe #1 CHT a little lower, but I expect that since it is first in the airstream. I have full data printouts from the JPI.

I have checked the plugs even though my mag checks are fine and replaced the probe on #1 EGT with no change. I’m scared to think I have stuck valves. [Read more...]

The marriage between piston rings and cylinder wall

Q: I am an A&P, and have been in aviation since 1990. I once worked with another mechanic who told me that if you pull a piston out of a cylinder, you must replace the rings and hone the cylinder. He is the only tech I have heard say this — until I read your article What’s best? A flush or overhaul?

You stated: “If oil starvation is suspected, you may want to remove the #1 cylinder (leave the piston in the cylinder so you don’t have to hone the cylinder and install new rings) and remove the connecting rod from the crankshaft.” Can you explain this? Is there a Service Bulletin or other directive that explains this practice? Thanks for sharing your knowledge with us.

TOM THROSSEL, via email

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Ask Paul: What is the correct timing for my engine?

Q: I have a Lycoming IO-360-A1A on a Mooney E model. My mechanic tells me that there are two timing settings for this engine: 20° and 25° BTC. The engine had been set at 20° BTC and he reset it at 25° BTC. What are the advantages or disadvantages of this timing change? The engine is running slightly warmer and appears to be a bit louder in the cockpit.

DAVID WALKER, via email

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