Ohio budget includes funds for Wright brothers factory

DAYTON, Ohio — Efforts to restore the historic Wright brothers’ airplane factory have taken a step forward with the inclusion of funding in Ohio’s capital budget bill.

The budget bill for fiscal years 2015 and 2016 includes $250,000 to acquire and secure the two Wright Company buildings for eventual use by the National Park Service. Ohio Gov. John Kasich introduced the bill Tuesday to the state legislature.

“This is one small step toward opening the Wright Company factory to the public as a unit of Dayton’s national park, but it’s a giant leap in terms of gaining recognition for the importance of this project,” said Tony Sculimbrene, executive director of the National Aviation Heritage Alliance (NAHA).

The Dayton Development Coalition included the Wright Company factory in a list of projects it recommended to the state for capital funding after evaluating and ranking their importance to the Dayton region. Sculimbrene said the project’s rank — 16th out of 32 — showed the coalition considers the project important, and its inclusion in the budget showed the state agrees.

The recognition comes as NAHA prepares to launch a feasibility study for a major fundraising campaign to acquire, preserve and restore the buildings. NAHA estimates it will need to raise between $3 million and $5 million to carry out this work.

The Wright Company buildings stand on a 20-acre historic parcel that’s part of the 54-acre, former Delphi auto parts manufacturing plant. Home Avenue Redevelopment LLC (HAR) owns the site and is completing the demolition of all but the two Wright Company buildings and four attached buildings that were added later.

NAHA is working with HAR, the National Park Service, the city of Dayton and the coalition to preserve the factory buildings and redevelop the site for historical and commercial uses.

Wilbur and Orville Wright invented, developed and commercialized the airplane in Dayton. They formed the Wright Company in 1909 and built its first factory building in 1910 about two miles west of their bicycle shop on West Third Street. They added the second building in 1911.

Wilbur died in 1912 and Orville sold the company in 1915. General Motors Corp. later transformed it into the Inland division, adding buildings and eventually employing thousands of auto workers. The buildings remained in active use asan Inland, Delco and finally Delphi plant. Delphi, in bankruptcy, closed the plant in 2008 and transferred the property to a holding company. Delphi Holdings told it to HAR in 2012.

In 2009, Congress added the factory site to the boundary of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, which authorized the National Park Service to acquire and manage the site. The authorization didn’t include funding, however.

The National Aviation Heritage Alliance (NAHA) is a private, not-for-profit corporation designated by Congress as the management entity of the National Aviation Heritage Area. NAHA’s vision is for the Heritage Area to be the recognized center of aviation heritage tourism and aerospace innovation, sustaining the legacy of the Wright Brothers.

For more information: AviationHeritageArea.org 


  1. Greg W says

    An unfortunate downfall of many “preservation” efforts is the cost. Three to five million dollars in this case to acquire, preserve and restore the buildings. To simply preserve a building requires a sound roof, the buildings were being used up until 2008 and so the only likely major problems would be roof leaks and broken windows/doors. Repair/replace the roofs and rent/lease the buildings to a commercial entity requiring that the main structure not be modified,unless to return it to original configuration. This would keep the buildings in the “original configuration” and an occupied building is much less susceptible to damage or vandalism. Due to the “it must be preserved as a museum” mantra many historic places are lost because the cost is very high and the daily usefulness is low when compared to a commercial operation.

    • Douglas says

      Greg W. is right.

      An interim tenant might be able to use their role in saving the buildings as a marketing strategy. It would also help if HAR could pledge to direct a small percentage of the lease payments to the preservation fund that would eventually restore the buildings to museum status. Thus HAR might be eligible for tax credits and good will publicity.

      NAHA could also seek out experienced preservation architects who would be willing to seek relief from the expensive full “preservation” process and propose a common sense, phased rehabilitation program. The buildings have survived this long. Over a little more time, with a carefully managed donation campaign, NAHA should be able to achieve a meaningful preservation effort that will honor all involved, including the Wright Brothers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *