During the supervised solo flight in the Cirrus SR20, the student pilot had completed three previous circuits in the traffic pattern in Sanford, Florida, with two of the three landing attempts aborted.
On the fourth attempt, a 70° right crosswind “blew” the airplane off the left side of the runway.
The student pilot then applied full engine power to conduct a go-around, and the airplane “veered left and banked 45° to the left.”
The student pilot stated that the plane continued left “no matter how hard I pushed the control stick to the right.”
According to FAA Advisory Circular AC-61-23C, Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge: “The effect of torque increases in direct proportion to engine power, airspeed, and airplane attitude. If the power setting is high, the airspeed slow, and the angle of attack high, the effect of torque is greater. During takeoffs and climbs, when the effect of torque is most pronounced, the pilot must apply sufficient right rudder pressure to counteract the left-turning tendency and maintain a straight takeoff path.”
The NTSB determined the probable cause as the student pilot’s failure to maintain directional control during the aborted landing. Contributing to the accident was his failure to compensate for torque, P-factor, and the reported crosswind conditions.
NTSB Identification: ERA14CA205
This April 2014 accident report is provided by the National Transportation Safety Board. Published as an educational tool, it is intended to help pilots learn from the misfortunes of others.