The pilot in the retractable landing gear-equipped Cessna P210 reported that he had been flying an instrument flight rules cross-country flight for about six continuous hours.
He added he felt fatigued and anxious to get out of the airplane, so he decided to refuel en route. He contacted a nearby tower, and, at that time, he was notified of two aircraft in the pattern at the airport in Jacksonville, Florida. He was able to identify only one airplane before he initiated the approach.
During the approach about 100′ above ground level, the tower controller informed the pilot that he needed to go around, but did not say why. The pilot thought it unwise to abort the landing because he did not know the location of the second airplane in the pattern and continued the approach and landing.
He did not do the GUMPS (Gas Undercarriage Mixture Props) checklist because of the distractions, and the airplane touched down with the landing gear retracted.
The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower fuselage longerons and bulkhead.
The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.
Probable cause: The pilot’s failure to extend the landing gear before landing. Contributing to the accident were pilot fatigue and his failure to use the before landing checklist.
NTSB Identification: GAA18CA174
This February 2018 accident report is provided by the National Transportation Safety Board. Published as an educational tool, it is intended to help pilots learn from the misfortunes of others.