The pilot reported that, on final approach, about four miles from the runway, the engine lost all power.
He diverted to an open field near Richmond, Virginia, but during the approach, the Cessna 180 hit a power line, then hit the field.
The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.
The pilot further reported that, although he filled the fuel tanks before the flight, he misunderstood how long the airplane could fly with full fuel and thought that he had enough fuel to complete the flight.
The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.
Probable cause: The pilot’s improper preflight fuel planning and in-flight fuel management, which resulted in fuel exhaustion and the total loss of engine power.
This September 2018 accident report is provided by the National Transportation Safety Board. Published as an educational tool, it is intended to help pilots learn from the misfortunes of others.